Mataró, Barcelona, Spain, January 26, 2021 - Minoryx Therapeutics, a Phase 3 clinical stage biotech company focused on the development of differentiating treatment options in orphan central nervous system (CNS) disorders, today announces topline results from its Phase 2/3 ADVANCE clinical trial. The study evaluated leriglitazone, a novel, selective PPARγ agonist, in male patients with adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), a neurodegenerative disease causing progressive spastic paraparesis and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Additionally, AMN patients are at risk of developing progressive cerebral lesions, a devastating form of the disease leading to rapid severe disability and fatal if left untreated.
“AMN is a condition with a high unmet medical need with no currently approved treatment. Minoryx’s Phase 2/3 ADVANCE study is a landmark study in this indication, as it is the first large, robust and definitive study with protocol outcomes endorsed by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA),” said Uwe Meya, CMO, Minoryx. “Leriglitazone demonstrated significant clinical benefits in multiple endpoints in patients suffering from AMN, although results of the primary endpoint were inconclusive in the overall population. These clinical outcomes, together with those showing reduction of cerebral lesion progression, hold promise for patients suffering from AMN who currently have no available therapeutic options.”
The ADVANCE trial was a pivotal multicenter, double-blind and placebo-controlled study conducted in the United States and Europe. 116 patients were enrolled and randomized to either leriglitazone or placebo treatment in a 2:1 ratio. The treatment duration was 96 weeks and 96 patients completed the study. About 90% of patients elected to move into the open label extension where data will continue to be collected. Treatment with leriglitazone demonstrated PPARγ engagement in all patients within the target range required for efficacy as assessed by a biomarker (adiponectin).
Key topline results of the 2-year double-blind treatment phase include:
“Occurrence of cerebral inflammatory brain involvement in AMN patients is life-threatening. Our data suggest that this risk can be reduced significantly,” said Wolfgang Koehler, MD, coordinator Principal Investigator for ADVANCE, University of Leipzig Medical Center. “Neurodegeneration for AMN patients is more pronounced in the earlier stages of the disease, leveling off for those with a longer disease duration. Although for the secondary endpoints, the effect was already observed over the entire patient population, for the primary endpoint of this clinical trial, clear differences versus placebo were observed only for those patients with a shorter disease duration, implicating the urgent need of an early treatment onset.”
“On the basis of the overall results from this clinical trial, Minoryx is now preparing for discussions with regulatory authorities for defining a path forward for registration of leriglitazone for AMN sufferers,” said Marc Martinell, CEO, Minoryx. “Minoryx remains committed to investigating the benefits of leriglitazone in further patient populations. Minoryx is currently conducting a pediatric study to investigate the effects of leriglitazone on disease progression of boys aged between two and 12 years old with the cerebral phenotype of XALD (X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy), cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (cALD).”
Leriglitazone has been granted orphan drug status for X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy from the FDA and the EMA and fast track and rare pediatric disease designation from the FDA for the treatment of X-ALD. Minoryx is currently undertaking further data analyses and plans to discuss the filing path with regulatory authorities in the coming months.